What is a pilonidal cyst?
A pilonidal cyst is a rounded sac of tissue that’s filled with air or liquid. This usual sort of cyst is located in the crease of the buttocks and is generally triggered by a skin infection. Pilonidal cysts are an usual condition, with greater than 70,000 instances reported in the U.S. each year. Yet many people feel too self-conscious to mention it– also to their healthcare providers.
Pilonidal cysts can cause pain and also need to be treated. Pilonidal cysts can be an one-time (acute) trouble or you may have persistent (returning) cysts. If they’re not treated, persistent pilonidal cysts can likewise bring about abscesses (inflamed pockets of infection) and sinus dental caries (voids beneath the skin).
A pilonidal cyst (also called pilonidal cyst disease, intergluteal pilonidal disease or pilonidal sinus) is a skin disease that happens in the crease of the butts– anywhere from the tailbone to the anus. A pilonidal cyst can be very uncomfortable specifically when sitting.
These cysts are typically caused by a skin infection as well as they typically have ingrown hairs inside. Throughout World War II, pilonidal cysts were commonly called “Jeep vehicle driver’s disease” because they’re a lot more common in individuals who sit often.
Who can obtain a pilonidal cyst?
Anyone can obtain a pilonidal cyst, but certain individuals go to higher danger:
Men (guys are three to four times more likely to be identified with a pilonidal cyst than females).
People in between puberty and age 40 (the standard age is between 20 and also 35).
Workers that sit throughout the day (like truck drivers and also office workers).
Obese individuals (ranging from obese to overweight).
People with thick or rough body hair (this can run in your family).
Individuals who put on tight clothing (this can get worse the skin problem).
Is a pilonidal cyst genetic?
In many cases, a pilonidal cyst can be hereditary (you can inherit it from a family member). Your family history can play a role in figuring out if you obtain pilonidal cysts, for instance if rough body hair runs in your family.
Is a pilonidal cyst contagious?
A pilonidal cyst is a non-contagious skin problem– you can not spread it (just like an acne). Presently, several scientists believe that pilonidal cysts are brought on by in-grown hairs.
Signs and also Causes.
What creates a pilonidal cyst?
Experts do not yet know all the sources of pilonidal cysts. Nevertheless, they do know that in-grown hairs discovered in the crease of the buttocks lead to a skin infection that triggers a pilonidal cyst to form. Think of this problem like getting a bit of wood stuck in your skin, except it’s an in-grown hair instead.
If it’s not dealt with, a pilonidal cyst can possibly cause an abscess or a sinus dental caries. Those are both signs that the skin infection is worsening.
What are the signs and symptoms of a pilonidal cyst?
Quickly obtain clinical attention if you observe any of these symptoms:.
Pain which frequently becomes worse when you’re resting.
A small dimple or big inflamed location in between your butts. This is generally the pilonidal cyst. You may observe the location is red and really feels tender.
An abscess with draining pus or blood. This liquid may be smelly.
Queasiness, fever as well as extreme exhaustion (tiredness).
Can I obtain a pilonidal cyst while I’m expecting?
Although pilonidal cysts are much more usual in males, expecting women can get them as well. If you’re experiencing pain in your butts, it could be an indication of a pilonidal cyst and not just a typical pain of maternity. It’s generally best because situation to contact your supplier and obtain checked.
Diagnosis and also Tests.
Just how is a pilonidal cyst diagnosed?
Your provider will certainly start by providing you a complete physical exam. During the examination they’ll examine the fold of your butts for indicators of a pilonidal cyst.
If you have a pilonidal cyst, it needs to be visible to the nude eye. Your supplier could identify what looks like a pimple or oozing cyst. If so, they may likewise ask you numerous concerns, consisting of:.
Has the cyst transformed in look?
Is it draining pipes any liquid?
Do you have any other symptoms?
Really seldom, your carrier might order a CT or MRI to search for any kind of sinus dental caries (little openings) which may have developed under the surface of your skin.
Monitoring and also Therapy.
Exactly how is a pilonidal cyst dealt with?
If you are detected with several pilonidal cysts, you will receive a treatment strategy that best fits your private case. This treatment will certainly depend on the solution to numerous inquiries such as:.
Have you had a pilonidal cyst before?
Have you additionally had any other skin issues (like an abscess or sinus) in the exact same location?
How rapidly are you recuperating?
Depending upon the extent of your symptoms, you may or may not require surgery to remove your pilonidal cyst. There are a number of various other therapy approaches available besides surgical procedure, including:.
Draining pipes the cyst: This treatment can happen right in your provider’s workplace. A small laceration (cut) will certainly be made to open up and also drain liquid from your infected cyst.
Shots: Shots (phenol, an acidic chemical compound) can deal with and protect against mild and modest pilonidal cysts.
Prescription antibiotics: Anti-biotics can deal with skin inflammation. Nonetheless, anti-biotics can’t heal pilonidal cysts on their own.
Laser treatment: Laser treatment can get rid of hair which or else could end up being in-grown and cause even more pilonidal cysts ahead back.
While waiting for your therapy, you can try to manage any pain you may feel by utilizing a warm compress on the afflicted location to calm your skin. You could likewise really feel much less discomfort when using a blow up seat or bed mattress.
Will I require surgical treatment for a pilonidal cyst?
If you have a persistent pilonidal cyst or it has actually become worse and also created a sinus dental caries under your skin, it’s a serious case and also you may need surgical procedure to import tax (remove) the cyst completely. Later, the cosmetic surgeon could either leave the injury open for packing (placing gauze) or close the injury with sutures or a skin flap (skin drawn from a healthy part of your body).
Whenever you have surgery, it is essential to take good treatment of your wound so it doesn’t get contaminated. Your carrier will tell you exactly how to maintain your injury tidy (including cutting the location) and also for how long you must maintain it covered. They’ll likewise inform you the indication of infection and also when you need to call your company.
Can a pilonidal cyst go away by itself?
Pilonidal cysts sometimes drain and also disappear on their own. If you have chronic pilonidal cysts, your symptoms may come and go over time.
Can a pilonidal cyst be healed?
Pilonidal cysts can in some cases be treated with surgical procedure and also your skin may heal fully. Nevertheless, also after surgical procedure, a pilonidal cyst can remain as a persistent, returning condition. This is true especially if the condition has become worse or if pilonidal cysts run in your family.
Just how can pilonidal cysts be protected against?
There are numerous steps you can require to aid prevent obtaining pilonidal cysts or to keep them from coming back. These actions consist of:.
Regularly washing and also drying your butts (to maintain the area clean).
Dropping weight (if you are presently overweight) to decrease your risk.
Avoiding sitting for as well lengthy (if your job permits) to maintain stress off the area.
Cutting the hair around your buttocks (when a week or more). You can additionally try utilizing a hair elimination item to prevent getting ingrown hairs.
Is a pilonidal cyst deadly?
A pilonidal cyst is not fatal in itself. In addition to the pain you may feel, though, there’s constantly a possibility that a cyst can pose numerous long-term wellness concerns. These wellness threats can consist of:.
One or more returning cysts can form in the exact same location (or somewhere else, but usually in the fold of your buttocks). If your cyst returns, you have persistent pilondial illness.
Systemic infection (when an infection spreads throughout your body). Body-wide infection can rapidly come to be serious.
Cancer cells (especially squamous cell carcinoma or SCC). SCC is hardly ever brought on by a pilonidal cyst. However this kind of skin cancer can sometimes occur if you obtain a pilonidal cyst. If your supplier detects you with a pilonidal cyst, they’ll normally take a pus sample and test it simply to be sure it’s not cancerous.
Make sure to see your company if you develop symptoms of a pilonidal cyst (κυστη κοκκυγος).